Observe the manufacturers warnings and instructions.
Observe closely the area in which you wish to position the ladder and assess for risks (e.g. open door ways, overhead power lines, uneven ground).
Where a risk is present, remove (or reduced to an acceptable level) the risk, or seek an alternative safe means of access.
Ladders are designed and built for a specific use. Read the warning labels and never use the ladder that is not recommended by the manufacturer.
Choose the right type of ladder and the correct height for the task at hand.
Always inspect the ladder for damage prior to use
When using a ladder near a door way, block/lock the door and/or post a guard.
Do not leave ladders unattended while they are erected.
SAFE HANDLING PROCEDURES
Never drop or jar a ladder as it may damage the ladder and make it unsafe to use.
Always employ safe lifting practices when moving or handling ladders (e.g. bend the knees).
Always be aware of others and property when carrying ladders. Particular care should be taken when carrying a ladder through or door way or around corners.
Always ensure that you have full control of the ladder at all times.
Be aware of the position of your hands when using ladders to avoid entrapment.
The ladder is supported along its length to prevent sagging.
The overhang beyond supports is equal and less than 1/3 of the length of the ladder.
The ladder is securely tied down to prevent road shock and chaffing. Do not over tighten as this may damage the ladder.
The upper surface of the roof racks or supports should be covered with soft material, such as rubber or pine, to decrease road shock.
MAINTENANCE & INSPECTION
Prior to each use check ladders for damage or missing components.
Check for loose or missing bolts or rivets.
Check ladder feet for excessive wear.
Check ropes are not fraying and are securely attached.
Check that ladder stiles/rungs/treads are straight.
Check spreaders are in good order.
Check that the ladder is free from dust, water, grease and corrosion.
Clean a ladder with mild soapy water and ensure it is dry prior to use.
Check timber ladder for splits, rot, and insect infestation.
Never paint a timber ladder use a clear varnish suitable for exterior or marine environments so that defects are not hidden.
STEP LADDER SAFETY
Always ensure that the ladder is placed on a firm level surface.
Check that each foot is in contact with the surface.
Ensure that spreaders are fully extended prior to use.
Do not use a ladder if the spreader is missing, loose or damaged.
Regularly check ladder feet for excessive wear.
When ascending or descending a ladder you must be facing the ladder and have three limbs in contact with the ladder at all times.
Never stand or sit on the top cap. They are not designed to be used as a step/seat.
Never stand on the tread immediately below the top cap as you may lose your balance.
Do not over reach when using a ladder - ensure your body is centred within the ladder stiles. Keep your belt buckle inside the foot area of the ladder.
Always descend the ladder prior to moving the ladder - do not attempt to make the ladder walk.
EXTENSIONL ADDER SAFETY
Ensure that the ladder is on firm level surface and both feet are in contact with the ground.
Where the ground is firm but uneven, use a Bailey® Galaxy Ladder Leveller
Check that stiles/rungs/clutch/pulley/rope/guides and feet are in sound condition prior to use. NEVER USE THE LADDER IF ANY OF THESE PARTS ARE MISSING OR DAMAGED.
Always face the ladder when ascending or descending.
Ensure that three limbs are in contact with the ladder at all times.
Always position the ladder at the correct angle. For every four metres of unsupported ladder length the base of the ladder should be one metre from the bottom of the vertical wall. Care should be taken when estimating the distance from the vertical if the structure is not 90 degrees from the ground (e.g. sloping ground or sloping wall).
The ladder must be extended one metre, or three rungs, past the top of the structure.
The ladder should be secured against slipping at both the top and the base of the ladder. Lashing the top of the ladder to the wall is adequate. When the ladder can not be secured at the base an assistant should secure the base of the ladder from slipping.
Ensure that the surface the ladder is resting against is flat and is in sound condition.
Pole straps must be used against structures such as trees and poles.